The hanging of the victims on crosses was a religious custom in Middle America.
Muller mentions the Fejervary Manuscript (a Mexican hieroglyphic codex), which has, for a tailpiece, a cross with a gory divinity hanging in the centre.
Equally significant is the Palenque Cross (pi. xlm).
At the top is a bird, on either side two human figures facing the cross, one of them holding out a child for either sacrifice or baptism.
The ancient Aztecs are said to have invoked the favour of Cinteotl, "the daughter of heaven and goddess of the grain," by nailing a youth or maiden to the cross every spring and shooting the victim with arrows.
The name of the cross signifies "Tree of our life or flesh."
An effigy from the island of Philae represents Osiris in the form of a crucified god, mourned by Isis and Nephthys, his sister wives. ~Carl Jung, CW 5, Para 400.